What are wood stove hearth pad R values? an R-value is a measurement of the insulating properties of materials like cement board or ceramic tile and their consistency, wood stove hearth pad R values are easy to calculate with your owner’s manual, and the hearth pad R-value materials chart in this article.
So if you are planning a DIY hearth pad project continue reading because this post will give you insight on what to use for building materials and you will also know what your wood stove hearth pad thickness will need to be before you build it.
Slate Hearth Pad
NY Hearth 54” x 54” Smokey Grey Slate Hearth Pad- Square Wall
R-Value of .84 for Type I
WOOD STOVE HEARTH PAD R VALUES EXPLAINED
Each Material used in a hearth pad has an R-value, this “R” Value is the amount of insulation protection that the material offers, all materials used in hearth pads or stove boards need to be non-combustible, for example, cement board or ceramic tile, etc, noncombustible means these items are not able to catch fire, and what you are really protecting from heat is the floor below your stove.
The ember pad is designed to protect your home in case of an ember falls out of your stove or heat is transferred out from the bottom of the wood-burning stove to the floor possibly causing a fire or damage.
something to remember is that most modern wood-burning stoves have enough shielding in the bottom that the heat transfer is minimal.
Determine your R-Values
To make these calculations for your DIY hearth pad first look at the R-Values needed in your wood stove user’s manual and from there you can decide what you will need to complete your project.
Always consult your wood stove user manual because every stove is rated differently, there is no one size fits all R-value, and not all stoves need this thermal protection, some will only need ember protection, known as (type 1 protection).
Stove Board Ember Guard
Use with Heating Appliances Requiring Ember Protection, 10-Gauge (3/16″) Steel, 42″ x 42″, Black
Wood stove hearth pad thickness is determined by the material used
This example question below will help you to see how you can calculate your own hearth pad thickness using the wood stove hearth pad R-values chart.
Let’s answer this question for Marcy as an Example only
Let’s see what she might need if she builds a hearth pad with the proper R-value. (this is just an example)
As you can see from the chart below the materials used will go one on top of the other to reach the required number, for example, if your stove manual says you need an R-value of 0.800
For example, let’s say you want to use ceramic tile 1/4″ and Durock Next Gen Cement Board 1/2″ two common materials you can find at almost any hardware store.
The ceramic tile 1/4″ has an R-value of 0.020
The Durock Next Gen Cement Board 1/2″ has an R-value of 0.390
So you just need to add these numbers together.
To finish this project she will need 2 sheets of Durock Next Gen Cement Board 1/2″ stacked together making them 1″, and then ceramic 1/4″ tile on top of that, coming to exactly the 0.800 R-value that you will need for this mock DIY hearth pad.
Remember this is only an example you will need to make your own calculations with the help of your appliance’s user manual.
Some wood stove hearth pad materials have a higher R-Value than others so you can choose what suits your project.
Another example of this is that Durock Next Gen Cement Board has a lower-Value than Rescor 360 Ceramic Board and both are the same 1/2″ thickness, the difference is the Rescor 360 Ceramic Board has almost 2 1/2 times the R-Value.
So look into using different materials that suit your needs and style so you get exactly the thickness you want when building your pad.
Wood stove hearth pad materials
You can use many different non-combustible materials to build and finish a hearth, by following the chart below and the information in your user manual you can determine your hearth pad thickness and insulation values.
These two tools will help you will easily understand what you need to get the job done.
Fireplace Hearth Area Rug
Hearth Pilgrim Fireplace Hearth Area Rug
46″ x 28″
Ideal for in front of fireplace hearth or wood burning stoves
Type 1 ember protection
If your stove owner’s manual says you need Type 1 ember protection you don’t need to follow any specific “R” Values, all you will need is any non-combustible surface that is continuous, meaning no gaps and will need to be the thickness that your manual states within.
Type 2 ember and thermal protection
Type 2 protection is for embers and adds thermal protection to the bottom of the floor.
This protection is needed to stop heat from transferring through to a combustible floor.
If you decide to build your own hearth pad with R-values you will need to make it as a continuous surface, again with no gaps, for example, the base can be made of Durock cement board or steel, and both will need to be laid down as one solid sheet, not in two sheets.
Something to remember is that with a type 2 ember and thermal protection, you will need to calculate the R-values stated in your owner’s manual.
Most if not all premade stove boards or hearth pads are type 1 and 2 compliant and are ready to install out of the box in most cases, they should have adequate thermal protection for your wood-burning appliance, always check this with the manufacturer.
Wood stove hearth Pad R Values chart
The chart shows wood stove hearth pad R values of several commonly used materials and should help you determine what to use when building your DIY wood stove hearth pad.
|Wood stove hearth pad materials||Thickness||R-Value|
|Ceramic Board ( Rescor 360 )||1/2″||1.110|
|Mineral Fiber Board ( Micore 300 )||1/2″||1.030|
|Mineral Fiber Board ( Micore 160 )||1/2″||1.270|
|Gypsum or Plaster Board||1/2″||0.450|
|Cement Board ( Wonderboard )||1/2″||0.260|
|Cement Board ( Hardibacker 500 )||.42″||0.200|
|Cement Board ( Hardibacker )||1/4″||0.130|
|Cement Board ( Durock Next Gen )||1/2″||0.390|
|Ceramic Board ( Fiberfrax Duraboard LD )||1/2″||1.100|
Wood stove hearth pad R values conclusion
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